Albania is located in the western part of the Balkan Peninsula. It borders the Republic of Montenegro (287 km), the Republic of Kosovo and the Republic of (Fyr) Macedonia in the north and northeast (151 km), and Greece in the south and southeast (282 km). It has access to the Adriatic and Ionian Seas in the west with a coastline length of 476 km (296 mi). From the Strait of Otranto, Albania is less than 72 km (45 miles) from Italy.ered by mountains and high hills.
The average high about sea level is nearly 708 m and the highest mountain is Korab situated next to the border with Macedonia, 2.753 metres (9.032 ft). The climate on the coast is typically Mediterranean with mild, wet winters and warm, sunny, and rather dry summers.Inland conditions vary depending on altitude, but the higher areas above 1.500 m/5.000 ft are rather cold and frequently snowy in winter. The capital city is Tirana.